Newcastle is the second largest city in New South Wales and the oldest city in the state outside of Sydney. It is located just under 160 kilometres north of Sydney.
For much of its history, Newcastle has been been an industrialised city with steel production, copper smelting, shipbuilding and engineering being the driving force behind the city's prosperity. However as some of these have been phased out, Newcastle has developed into a vibrant and progressive city, making the most of its spectacular surrounding beaches and the harbour entrance at the mouth of the Hunter River to foster growth and tourism.
Heading south along the coast past the popular beach-side suburb of Merewether, sees Newcastle effectively merge into the Central Coast region which surrounds the vast inland waterway of Lake Macquarie, Tuggerah Lake where the coastal holiday resort town of The Entrance is located, Brisbane Water which Gosford overlooks and down past Woy Woy to the Hawkesbury River.
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